The Eternal City – Rome is the capital and the largest city of Italy. Situated in the west-central part of the country on the Tiber River, the "City of the Seven Hills" was founded by Romulus in 753 B.C.
The City of Love – Rome is the see of the pope as the holy kingdom Vatican City is within the city of Rome. Rome is also the capital of Latium and of Rome province as well.
Often dubbed as the "Capital of the World," the city of Rome is one of the world's richest cities in history and art and one of its great cultural, religious, and intellectual centers.
Home to numerous beautiful sites, museums and art galleries, Rome is one of the most coveted tourist destinations of the world. Rome attracts bulks of tourists from all over the globe. Museums and galleries are the major attraction of the city. Roman museums and galleries are sumptuous storehouses of art and culture. They give great glimpses of rich roman history, culture, and religion. Some of the popular museums and galleries of Rome are discussed below.
Museum Galleria Borghese: The museum offers the great collection assembled by Cardinal Scipione Borghese in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. The museum features major works by Raphael, Rubens, Titian, Caravaggio, Bernini, Antonello da Messina and Canova.
Galleria Colonna: The magnificent Galleria Colonna is base in huge complex of imperial Palazzo Colonna. The gallery displays a number of masterpieces by artists including Lorenzo Monaco, Bronzino, Ghirlandaio, Salviati, Veronese, Palma il Vecchio, Jacopo and Domenico Tintoretto, Pietro da Cortona, Annibale Carracci, Francesco Albani, Guercino, Guido Reni, Carlo Maratta, Gaspard Dughet, Crescenzio Onofri, Girolamo Muziano, and Pompeo Batoni.
Barberini Palace and National Gallery of Antique Art (The Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica): The Palazzo Corsini and the Palazzo Barberini are the two sites of the gallery. The Palazzo Barberini is one of the grandest palaces in Rome. The Gallery sites with elegant interiors feature works by Fra Angelico, Filippo Lippi, Lorenzo Lotto, Andrea del Sarto, Perugino, Pietro da Cortona, Caravaggio, Canaletto and Raphael.
Doria Pamphili Gallery: The Gallery houses one of Rome's most distinguished private art collections, including works by Caravaggio, Titian, Raphael, Velázquez, Lippi, Lotto, Rubens, Guercino, Reni, Parmigianino, Bellini and Brueghel.
Modern National Gallery: The Gallery offers the valuable Italian collection of paintings and sculptures of the 19th and 20th centuries. The gallery features works of the contemporary art movements, neo-classicism, romanticism and Tuscan Macchiaoli impressionism. The gallery exhibits the works by Goya, Géricault, Delacroix, Blake, Renoir, Rossetti, Courbet, Van Gogh, Degas, Monet, Cezanne, Modigliani, Mondrian, Duchamp, de Chirico, Cara, Miró, Kandinsky and Klimt.
Gallery of the National Academy of St. Luca: One of the most prestigious galleries of Rome, the Galleria dell'Accademia di San Luca contains a wonderful collection of classical works by artists such as Raphael, Canova, van Dyck, Titian, Guercino, il Sassoferrato, Reni and Pietro da Cortona.
Corsini Gallery: The gallery is small, but beautiful. It contains the great collection of seventeenth and eighteenth century regional Italian painting and the works of Rubens, Murrillo, Poussin, Brueghel and Caravaggio.
Spada Gallery: The gallery offers the fine collection of works mainly from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and Roman sculptures of second and third century. The gallery also features the works of Rubens, Durer, Caravaggio, Guercino, Domenichino, Guido Reni, Carracci, Salvator Rosa, Passarotti, Parmigianino, Solimena and del Sarto.
The city of Rome has a great treasure of museums and galleries. Museums and galleries are in fact jewels of Rome. Other museums and galleries of Rome include Musei Capitolini, Etruscan National Museum of Villa Giulia, The Palatine Museum, and National Museum of Castel Sant'Angelo.