The jewel of Tuscan region, Florence is a city of central Italy on the Arno River, at the foot of the Apennines, east of Pisa. It is the capital city of Tuscany, the region in the northwest Italy surrounded by Apennines, the Ligurian Sea, and Tyrrhenian Sea. Florence is also known as Firenze.
Florence was a powerful city-state under the Medici family. The city was the center of the Italian Renaissance from the 14th century to the 16th century, and during that time artists and intellectuals like Boccaccio, Botticelli, Dante, Donatello, Filippo Brunelleschi, Galileo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Niccolò Machiavelli etc. flourished in the city. It is said that of the 1,000 most important European artists of the second millennium, 350 lived or worked in Florence.
Florence remained the capital the capital of the Kingdom of Italy from 1865 to 1870. In 1871 the capital was shifted to Rome. Modern city of Florence has area of 102 km² and population of 366,488. It is a commercial, industrial, rail junction, and a tourist center. The city has highly flourishing tourism industry; in fact tourism is the cornerstone of the economy of the city.
Florence is a highly coveted tourist destination in the world. The city enjoys warm temperate continental climate, which includes hot dry summers and cool damp winters. The summer temperatures are higher than those along coastlines due to the lack of a prevailing wind. Small amount rain falls in the summer, but relief rainfall dominates in the winter.
The heart of Tuscany, Florence is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The city is blessed with rare beauties of nature. The city has a treasure of exquisiteness in its bosom to offer to its visitors. It dishes out stunning province of hills, mesmeric mountains, luscious lakes, ravishing rivers, seducing skyline. Florence is beautiful city of flowers and fragrances; In fact the very name of the city sounds its close affinity to the flowers and fragrance. The city is famous for its flowers, lilies that have earned it a beautiful epithet – the "City of Lilies." The city is home to numerous beautiful blooming parks and gardens. Florence offers intoxicating atmosphere full of fragrant airs all around. It's the best destination for having vacation with theme of love and romance.
Florence is widely known for its fine art and architecture. A connoisseur's delight, the city is a perfect destination for lovers of art. It's the city of beautiful churches, monasteries, museums, galleries and palaces. Florence is one of the greatest historic cities of the world, and thus sometimes also dubbed as "Athens of Italy," or "Athens of the Middle Age." The UNESCO declared the historic city of Florence as a World Heritage Site in 1982.